The ancient camel caravans have carried goods for over 4000 years.

The ancient camel caravans carried tea, sugar, silk, salt, slaves, grain, timber, horses, and precious gems from Changan, China to Caeseria on the Mediterranean. They return with rare plants, medicines, cotton, gold, silver, precious stones, glass, ivory, and wool.

During the Tang (618-906 A.D.) and Yuan (1279-1368 A.D.) Dynasties, Changan, the capital of China was a major destination for most Western travelers. Sogdians*, Turks, Persians, Indians, Arabs, and other peoples of Central Asia and Europe crowded into a section of the city called the Western Market, where they traded and sold their wares at innumerable bazaars.

Different products and exotic goods from many places were peddled in this bustling center of trade, where foreign traders profited handsomely. Temples and taverns also lined the market area. Western performers entertained the visitors and helped them forget their loneliness by reminding them of the delights of their homes.

A large volume of goods traveled along the Silk Road. Successful trading meant high profits for the trader and also for the towns along the Silk Road trade routes. Local townspeople profited from trade by catering to the needs of the passing traders.